Found in the state of Victoria is the second most densely inhabited Australian city, Melbourne. Melbourne is the capital of Victoria and is today’s hub for arts, commerce, academe, entertainment, sport and tourism. Melbourne, dubbed by some people as the cultural and sporting capital of Australia, is known for a culture that is rich, diverse and multifaceted. A culture that is visually presented in museum galleries and exhibits. It is said that Melbourne gave rise to the modern museum era in Australia. A modernization that provides a fresh learning experience to visitors.
There are three major state-owned museums in Melbourne, Australia. All of them are managed by the organization called Museum Victoria along with the Royal Exhibition Building and City of Moreland – a storage facility.
Melbourne Museum is regarded as the largest museum in the southern part of the globe. It was established in 1854 on its original site in the city block between La Trobe, Swanston, Little Lonsdale and Russell Streets. Presently located in the Carlton Gardens in Melbourne, this eight-gallery museum is among the museums operated by Museum Victoria. Essentially, the Melbourne Museum involves the exploration of Victoria’s existence, culture and history. This highly acclaimed museum has permanent exhibits of various collections. One gallery is even dedicated for children. Other highlights in the Melbourne Museum are the large skeleton of a Pygmy Blue Whale, Bunjilaka Aboriginal Cultural Centre – a gallery about Aboriginal people in Victoria, a living forest, the body of the racehorse Phar Lap and also an IMAX theater for 2D or 3D viewing of documentaries and movies.
The Science works Museum is one of the three museums handled by Museum Victoria. This is a science center or a museum dedicated to exhibits relating to science. Located in the Spotswood suburb, this museum opened in March of 1992. The building of this museum has a layout that incorporates industrial lines on an infrastructure that located in close proximity to a historic sewage pumping house built in 1897, whose steam engine is also a part of the exhibit. This museum displays and features hands-on experiments and demonstrations in addition to tours. It has a lightning room in a 12-seat auditorium where presentations about electricity. Which entails a giant Tesla Coil, capable of generating two million volts of electricity, producing three meter lightning bolts are found. There is also a digital planetarium, the only one of its kind within the southern hemisphere. Additionally, there is the 1883 Flinders Street Station clock tower.
The Immigration Museum is the third gallery of arts that is managed by the Museum Victoria. It basically features and displays the history of Australia’s immigration. The museum is held in the Old Customs House situated on Flinders Street in Melbourne. Founded in 1998, the museum has been known for showcasing the Long Room, an art space of Renaissance revival architecture. People from all over the world who have migrated to Australia is the main focus of Immigration Museum. By using several combinations of moving images, personal and community voices, memories and memorabilia the history of immigration is presented. Aside from the historical documents on immigration, this museum also offers hosting for different travel expeditions and other educational programs.